The rationale

Global North and Global South became recently the terms most widely used to account for the North–South divide, i.e. lower-income countries on one side and developed industrial countries on the other. Although both concepts presuppose a homogenization/monolithism of the two categories that urgently calls for additional fine tuning – there are strong imbalances and inequalities among countries belonging to the Global North and the same goes for those that are part of the Global South countries – they allow to identify in the context of globalization or global capitalism the fracturing asymmetries (mainly resources, income, welfare, life expectancy, levels of education, poverty and employment, access to technology) of today’s world. Moreover, the North-south brings to the forefront the importance of geopolitical relations and agencies.

European history, including both clashes among European powers and colonialism and imperialism, plays an inseparable role in the Global North-Global South architecture and should aim also at playing a more active role in reshaping international relations. Science diplomacy is particularly well placed to assume the role of mediator in what concerns common global challenges and development issues.

The Lisbon Open Conference proposes to address different, sometime conflictual, perspectives on how a new vision and practice of science diplomacy may be critical to bridge the Global North and the Global South interests and contribute to finding common, albeit diverse, solutions.

Please note that times listed below are Lisbon time (UTC+1/CET-1)

Tuesday March 22

The European Network of Academies, guest lecturers and selected papers received via an open call will chart Academies’ international action in the present and as far back at the 18th century.

Academies have played a significant role in structuring the concept of science diplomacy, notably with the Royal Society’s 2010 report ‘New frontiers in science diplomacy’ published with AAAS. The session builds on previous exploratory work between InsSciDE and the European Network of Academies to delineate the role of academies as science diplomacy organizations, particularly concerning their international involvement and role in asserting science diplomacy.


Welcome Address

José Luís Cardoso
President of the Lisbon Academy of Sciences

Pascal Griset
Sirice, Sorbonne Université, InsSciDE Coordinator

Maria Paula Diogo
Interuniversity Centre for the History of Science and Technology (CIUHCT), InsSciDE


Session 1

Rasmus Bertelsen
UiT The Arctic University of Norway

The role of the Berlin Academy of Sciences in the cultural and economic development during the first half of the eighteenth century
Javier Poveda Figueroa
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Building agrarian science in the European periphery: international connections and national initiatives
Dulce Freire (Online) + Leonardo Aboim Pires(Online)
University of Coimbra, CEIS20, ReSEED Project

Visual representations of Academies of Sciences: Artistic reflections on the Institutional cooperation of scientists and artists in 18th century Europe
Sophie-Luise Mävers (Online)
University of Cologne

Coffee Break


Session 2

Daniel Gamito-Marques

Royal Academy of Sciences of Lisbon (1779-1834): a moving program
José Alberto Silva

Science diplomacy in the Republic of Letters: The Naturalist Abbé Correia da Serra
Maria Paula Diogo and Ana Simões

The European History of Academies Research Initiative, the digital prosopography MINE, and the domestic and foreign membership development of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (1847-2022)
Johannes Feichtinger and Sandra Klos
German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina

The Vienna Academy of Sciences as an Imperial Agent: Science Diplomacy and Habsburg’s Informal Empire in the “Orient”
Johannes Mattes (Online)
Austrian Academy of Sciences

Lunch Break + Visit to the Academy Premises


Session 3

Daniel Kaiser
Scientific Policy Officer, All European Academies (ALLEA)

Between universalism and the promotion of French science: The Academy of Sciences as an original diplomatic agent (17th-21st centuries)
Pascal Griset
Sirice, Sorbonne Université, InsSciDE Coordinator

Indian Science Congress Association and International Relations in Science, 1938-1964
Sneha Sinha (Online)
Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS

Scientific agreements between Soviet sciences academies and French counterparts
Jérome Pierrel (Online)
Université de Bordeux

On the temporal gap between the world of knowledge and public policies
Rui Vilela Mendes
Lisbon Academy of Sciences, Class of Sciences

Coffee Break


Session 4

Paula Urze

Our man in New York: Swedish technical attachées
Nina Wormbs (Online)
KTH Royal Institute of Technology (Sweden), InsSciDE

Globalization in Portuguese: Mutual Knowledge within CPLP?
Jorge Braga de Macedo + Manuel Alves da Rocha (Online)
Lisbon Academy of Sciences, Class of Letters

ALLEA – Connecting European Academies since 1994
Daniel Kaiser
Scientific Policy Officer, All European Academies

The Role of the Network of African Science Academies (NASAC), its origin, creation and development
M. N. Hounkonnou
President, Network of African Science Academies (NASAC)

Providing expert advice to EU policy-makers: EASAC and science diplomacy
Peter Collins
Emeritus Director, Royal Society


Closing Remarks

Leonard Laborie
CNRS, Sirice, InsSciDE Deputy Coordinator

Ana Simões

Interuniversity Centre for the History of Science and Technology (CIUHCT), InsSciDE

Wednesday March 23

Diverse stakeholders come together to discuss the entanglements between science diplomacy and four topics that InsSciDE deems central to future action: Open Science, Anthropocene, Technoscience and Innovation Diplomacy, New Actors and a New Definition of Science Diplomacy.


Pascal Griset
Sirice, Sorbonne Université, InsSciDE Coordinator

Virgílio Machado
Dean of the NOVA School of Science and Technology

Isabel Rocha

Representative of the Rector of the NOVA University of Lisbon

Manuel Heitor
Portuguese Minister of Science, Technology and Higher Education

Note: Due to the anticipation of the Ministers’ Council that will announce the new government of Portugal the agenda of the Minister of Science, Technology and Higher Education was canceled for this day.

Ana Rodrigues e Isabel Amaral
Coordination of the Interuniversity Centre for the History of Science and Technology (CIUHCT)

Maria Paula Diogo
Interuniversity Centre for the History of Science and Technology (CIUHCT), InsSciDE Coordinator of the Lisbon Open Conference


Open science is now a policy priority for the European Commission, and in November 2021, UNESCO adopted the first international standard setting instrument on open science, the UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science. How will this paradigm-change in the practice of science affect international scientific relations? How might open science constitute a key practice for a more balanced and confident relationship between Global North and Global South?


António Sampaio da Nóvoa
University of Lisbon, former Ambassador of Portugal to UNESCO


Ana Persic


João Caraça
Senior Advisor, Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation

Antonio Loprieno (Online)
All European Academies (ALLEA)

Katja Mayer (Online)
Centre for Social Innovation (ZSI)

Alessia Chiriatti
Research Fellow, Padua University

Jose Mauricio Quintero Suarez
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana

Coffee Break


The concept of Anthropocene (as the current geological age, during which human activity has been the dominant influence on climate and the environment) gained relevance particularly for its association with environmental problems. The event will explore how science diplomacy may be a tool to open up the much-needed dialogue between the Global North and South on critical topics such as sustainability, decarbonization and “green New Deal”.


Sanjay Seth (Online)
Goldsmiths, University of London


Maria Paula Diogo
Interuniversity Centre for the History of Science and Technology (CIUHCT), NOVA School of Science and Technology, InsSciDE


Joana Gaspar
Strategic Studies and Analyses Center at Instituto Diplomático

André Felipe Cândido da Silva
Casa Oswaldo Cruz-Fiocruz

Inês Raimundo (Online)
Universidade Eduardo Mondlane

Nelson Arellano (Online)
Universidad Academia de Humanismo Cristiano

Hugo Pereira
Interuniversity Centre for the History of Science and Technology (CIUHCT), NOVA School of Science and Technology

Lunch Break


At the intersection of technoscientific diplomacy and economic diplomacy, innovation diplomacy is becoming increasingly important to bridge the Global North-Global South divide. The section will consider whether innovation diplomacy may be a new and more suitable form of collaboration (or competition) in a knowledge-based globalized economy, and how this may (or may not) entail a reconsideration of the meaning of innovation.


John Krige
Kranzberg Professor at the School of History, Technology and Society, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta


Pascal Griset
Sirice, Sorbonne Université, InsSciDE Coordinator


Rodrigo Martins
President of the European Academy of Sciences

Jorge Flores
Interuniversity Centre for the History of Science and Technology (CIUHCT), Faculty of Sciences, Lisbon University

Ana Pinto
Portuguese Institute of International Relations

Marta Passadouro (Online)
Advisor for Research Rector’s Office, University of Coimbra

Britta Thomsen
Former Danish Social Democratic Member of the European Parliament 2004-2014

Coffee Break


Beyond formal science diplomacy, which informal channels are available to allow civil society (for instance via Citizen Science programs), NGOs, minorities, and under-represented groups to engage in building different science diplomacy narratives? And how will these “alternative” narratives reshape and relocate the definition of science diplomacy?


Peter McGrath (Online)
InterAcademy Partnership, The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS)


Anna Åberg
Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Science, Technology and Society


Cristina Luís
Interuniversity Centre for the History of Science and Technology (CIUHCT), Faculty of Sciences, Lisbon University

Justino Pinto de Andrade
Universidade Católica de Angola

Jaume Valentines-Álvarez
Interuniversity Centre for the History of Science and Technology (CIUHCT), NOVA School of Science and Technology

Thierry Aubry
Côa Foundation

Ana Noronha
Ciência Viva

Luís Miguel Lacerda
Representative of the Portuguese Association of Researchers and Students in the UK (PARSUK)

M.N. Hounkonnou
President of the Network of African Science Academies (NASAC)

Additional Contribution

Gabriela Ferreira (Online)
São Paulo University

Polar Science Diplomacy Statement from APECS – Association of Polar Early Career Scientists
Statement regarding the war in Ukraine written by young scientists – new actors in science diplomacy – working in polar science (Arctic and Antartica) two territories that are particularly critical both concerning collaboration and conflicts.


Umberto Vattani
Former Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Italy

Thursday March 24

10:00-17:00 GMT
Interactive in-person session. Limited capacity register to be listed for a spot.

InsSciDE Case Studies of Science Diplomacy: Cross-cutting Themes and Practical Applications

Cross-cutting themes

Sociotechnical Imaginaries
The Diplomatic Object
Big Science
Arrangements between Diplomacy and Sci/RDI Institutions
Front stage/Backstage Diplomacy
Who Instrumentalizes whom?
Transforming Political Issues into Tech Issues (or inversely)